Victorian Gothic (1850-1880)
This style took the basic elements of Gothic and allowed individual designers to adapt those features into unique homes. The gothic taste is said to reflect nostalgia for England and a romantic view of the world. It was primarily used for churches, but some homes were built in this style.
- Larger windows with larger panes
- Steeply pitched (45 to 60˚) roof gables
- The grandest villas were constructed from stone with heavy timber detailing. If built in brick, the front facade was usually rendered and lined out to look like masonry.
- Elaborately carved timber barge-boards and fretwork
- Pointed arch forms in verandah decoration and windows
- Tall chimneys with sculptured chimney pots
- Often narrow casement windows with leadlight panes
- Surrounding gardens had thickets of trees and shrubbery or gravelled walkways amongst geometric flower beds with picket fences.
Roslyndale, Woollahra, built circa 1856 and designed by Francis Clarke